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Imakethi yeembotyi zesoya yaseTshayina ngo-2021

Iimbotyi zibhekisa kuzo zonke iimbotyi ezinokuvelisa imidumba.Ngaxeshanye, zikwasetyenziswa ngokuqhelekileyo ukubhekisa kwiimbotyi ezisetyenziswa njengokutya kunye nokutya kwi-Papilionaceae subfamily yosapho olunemidumba.Phakathi kwamakhulu emidumba eluncedo, akukho ngaphezu kwe-20 yezityalo zembotyi eziye zalinywa ngokubanzi.
soybean plant
1. Indawo ehlwayelweyo
Ummandla weembotyi unyuke kakhulu.Ngo-2020, indawo ehlwayelweyo yeembotyi kwilizwe lonke iya kuba yi-11430 yeehektare zamawaka, ukwanda kweehektare ezingama-505.3 okanye i-4.5% kunyaka ophelileyo.Iqhutywa ngumgaqo-nkqubo wesicwangciso sokuvuselela iimbotyi zesoya, indawo yokutyala iimbotyi zesoya yayiziihektare ezingamawaka angama-9,853.76, ukwanda kwe-515.4 yeehektare ezingamawaka okanye i-5.7% kunyaka ophelileyo.I-China Commercial Industry Research Institute iqikelela ukuba ngo-2021, indawo yokutyala iimbotyi e-China iya kufikelela kwi-12129 yeehektare eziliwaka, kwaye indawo yokutyala iimbotyi zesoya iya kufikelela kwi-10420.7 yeehektare eziliwaka.

2. Yiza
Ngo-2020, imveliso yembotyi yaseTshayina yayizizigidi ezingama-21.87 zeetoni, ukwanda kwe-1.54 yezigidi zeetoni kunyaka ophelileyo, ukwanda kwe-7.2%.Phakathi kwabo, imveliso yeembotyi zesoya yayiziitoni ezizigidi ezili-19.5, ukwanda kweetoni ezisisi-1.53 ​​sezigidi okanye i-8.24% kunyaka ophelileyo.IZiko loPhando lwezoRhwebo laseTshayina liqikelela ukuba imveliso yembotyi yase China iya kufikelela kwi-23.872 yezigidi zeetoni kwaye imveliso yeembotyi zesoya iya kufikelela kwi-21.025 yezigidi zeetoni ngo-2021.
soybean
3. Imveliso yeyunithi
Ngo-2020, isivuno seembotyi ngehektare siya kuba yi-1970 kg/ha, kwaye isivuno ngehektare siya kunyuka nge-837 mu okanye i-2.4% ngaphezu kwe-2019. Phakathi kwabo, isivuno ngehektare nganye ye-soya iya kuba yi-1970 kg / ha, eya kuba yi-1970 kg / ha. ukwandisa isivuno ngehektare nge 608.4 mu okanye 2.25% phezu 2019.

4.Ukusetyenzwa
Okwangoku, ukucocwa kweembotyi zesoya eTshayina kusetyenziswa ikakhulu oomatshini bokucoca iimbotyi zesoya kunye nesahluli sobunzima besoya.Isetyenziswa ikakhulu ukususa iindiza, uthuli, izinambuzane, ukungunda kunye namanye amasuntswana kwiimbotyi zesoya.Thintela intsalela ye-aflatoxin kwizinto eziphathekayo.Ewe kunjalo, abanye abathengi bakwasebenzisa iiseti ezipheleleyo zemigca yokulungisa.


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  • Ixesha lokuposa: Dec-31-2021
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